The Quantum MAC with Cribbing Encoders2022
Conference / Medium
Holger Boche Christian Deppe Uzi Pereg
Research Hub A: Kryptographie der Zukunft
Research Hub B: Eingebettete Sicherheit
RC 2: Quantum-Resistant Cryptography
RC 5: Physical-Layer Security
Communication over a quantum multiple-access channel (MAC) with cribbing encoders is considered, whereby Transmitter 2 performs a measurement on a system that is entangled with Transmitter 1. Based on the no-cloning theorem, perfect cribbing is impossible. This leads to the introduction of a MAC model with noisy cribbing. In the causal and non-causal cribbing scenarios, Transmitter 2 performs the measurement before the input of Transmitter 1 is sent through the channel. Hence, Transmitter 2’s cribbing may inflict a "state collapse" for Transmitter 1. Achievable regions are derived for each setting. Furthermore, a regularized capacity characterization is established for robust cribbing, i.e. when the cribbing system contains all the information of the channel input, and a partial decode-forward region for non-robust cribbing. For the classical-quantum (c-q) MAC with cribbing encoders, the capacity region is determined with perfect cribbing of the classical input, and a cutset region is derived for noisy cribbing.